References

Braak, E.; Alliet, M.; Schetrite, S.; Albasi, C. (2011) Aeration and hydrodynamics in submerged membrane bioreactors, J. Memb. Sci., 379, 1-18. Ben Aim, R. (2004) How to control MBR : Hydrodynamic aspects & Biological aspects, COE Workshop on MBR, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan. Bérubé, P.R.; Afonso, G.; Taghipour, F.; Chan, C.C.V. (2006a) Quantifying the shear […]

Continue reading


Overview

Substantially less literature exist for the optimization of flat sheet membranes than for hollow fiber membranes. In addition, not many published literature discuss about the fundamentals of air scouring for flat sheet module, either. Perhaps the relatively simple hydrodynamics failed to draw enough attention from the academia. The data available in public domain now has […]

Continue reading


Vertical vs horizontal

Membrane performance can be affected by the orientation of hollow fiber membranes. Many different orientations such as vertical, horizontal, slanted, radially slanted like umbrella, etc. have been tested, but vertical and horizontal configurations are considered most practical due to the easiness of the module fabrication and the high packing densities. Slanted modules were also studied, […]

Continue reading