Shock loadings can be divided by “hydraulic shock loading” and “organic shock loading” although shock loadings in real world occur as a combination of the two. The outcome of organic loading shock can be fairly different depending on how dissolved oxygen (DO) is managed during the shock loading. Variable organic loading with time can also affect membrane fouling.
– Effect of hydraulic shock loading on membrane fouling
– Effect of organic (or F/M) shock loading on membrane fouling at low DO
– Effect of organic (or F/M) shock loading on membrane fouling at high DO