Reference

Ahmed, Z.; Cho, J.; Lim, B.-R.; Song, K.-G.; Ahn, K.-H. (2007) Effects of sludge retention time on membrane fouling and microbial community structure in a membrane bioreactor, J. Membr. Sci., 287, 211-218.

Al-Halbouni, D.; Lyko, S.; Janot, A.; Tacke, D.; Dott, W.; Hollender, J. (2007) Impact of solids retention time on EPS and fouling tendency in membrane bioreactors, Proceedings of 2nd IWA National Young Water Professionals Conference, June 4-6, Berlin, Germany.

Banu, R.; Uan, K.; Kaliappan, S.; Yeom, I.T. (2011) Effect of sludge pretreatment on the performance of anaerobic/ anoxic/oxic membrane bioreactor treating domestic wastewater, Int. J. Environ. Sci. Tech., 8(2) 281-290.

Berpols, C. (2011) Operating Large Scale Membrane Bioreactors for Municipal Wastewater Treatment, ISBN 1843393050, IWA publishing, UK.

Cao, Z.P.; Zhang, J.L.; Zhang, H.W. (2008) Influence of solids retention time on sludge characteristics and effluent quality in immersed membrane bioreactor, Chinese Science Bulletin, 53(24), 3942-3950.  

Cha, G.C.; Hwang, M.G.; Chung, H.K.; Kim D.J.; Yoo, I.K.; Han, S.K. (2003) Characteristics of cell-growth and behavior of SMP in the MBR process, J. Korean Society of Environmental Engineers, 25(2), 155-162. (in Korean)

Chang, I. S.; Lee, C. H. (1998) Membrane filtration characteristics in membrane coupled activated sludge system: the effect of physiological states of activated sludge on membrane fouling.’’ Desalination, 120, 221-233.

Chang, I. S.; Lee, C. H.; Ahn, K.H. (1999) Membrane filtration characteristics in membrane coupled activated sludge system: The effect of floc structure of activated sludge on membrane fouling, Sep. Sci. Technol., 34, 1743-1758.

Chon, D.-H.; Rome, M.; Kim, H.-S.; Park, C. (2010) Investigating the mechanism of sludge reduction in activated sludge with an anaerobic side-stream reactor, Wat. Sci. Technol., 63(1) 93-99.

Cicek, N.; Macomber, J.; Davel, J.; Suidan, M.T.; Audic, J.; Genestet, P. (2001) Effect of solids retention time on the performance and biological characteristics of a membrane bioreactor, Wat. Sci. Technol., 43(11), 43-50.

De La Torre, T.; Lesjean, B.; Drews, A.; Kraume, M. (2008)Monitoring of transparent exopolymer particles (TEP) in a membrane bioreactor (MBR) and correlation with other fouling indicators, Water Sci Technol., 58(10), 1903-1909.

Diamond, J. (2010) The home stretch: Approaching of a startup of a state of the art, sustainable MBR, 77th Annual conference & Exhibition of Pacific Northwest Clean Water Association, Oct. 27, Bend, Oregon, USA.

Dizge, N.; Koseoglu-Imer, D.Y.; Karagunduz, A.; Keskinler, B. (2011) Effects of cationic polyelectrolyte on filterability and fouling reduction of submerged membrane bioreactor (MBR), J. Membrane Sci., 377, 175-181.

Drews, A.; Vocks, M.; Bracklow, U.; Iversen, V.; Kraume, M. (2008) Does fouling in MBRs depend on SMP?,  Desalination, 231, 141-149.

Drews, A. (2010) Membrane fouling in membrane bioreactors: Characterisation, contradictions, cause and cures, J. Membr. Sci., 363, 1-28.  

Evenblij, H. (2006). Filtration characteristics in membrane bioreactors. PhD thesis, Delft University of Technology, the Netherlands.

Fan, F.; Zhou, H.; Husain, H. (2006) Identification of wastewater sludge characteristics to predict critical flux for membrane bioreactor processes, Wat. Res., 40(2), 205-212.

Geilvoet, S.P. (2010) The Delft Filtration Characterisation method assessement, Ph D thesis, Delft University of Technology, NL.

Grelier, P.; Rosenberger, S.; Tazi-Pain, A. (2006) Influence of sludge retention time on membrane bioreactor hydraulic performance, Desalination, 192, 10-17.

Guo, W.S.; Vigneswaran, S.; Ng, H.H.; Kandasamy, J.; Yoon, S. (2008) The role of a membrane performance enhancer in a membrane bioreactor: a comparison with other submerged membrane hybrid systems, Desalination, 231, 305-313

Hwang, B.-K.; Lee, C.-H.; Lee, W.-N.; Park, P.-K.; Lee, C.-H.; Chang, I.-S. (2007) Effect of membrane fouling reducer on cake structure and membrane permeability in membrane bioreactor, J. Membr. Sci., 288, 149-156.

Hwang, B.-K.; Kim, J.-H.; Ahn, C.-H.; Lee, C.-H.; Song, J.-Y.; Ra, Y.-H. (2010a) Effect of disintegrated sludge recycling on membrane permeability in a membrane bioreactor combined with a turbulent jet flow ozone contactor, Wat. Res., 44, 1833-1840.

Hwang, B.-K.; Son, H.-S.; Ahn, C.-H.; Lee, C.-H.; Song, J.-Y.; Ra, Y.-H. (2010b) Decomposition of excess sludge in a membrane bioreactor using a turbulent jet flow ozone contactor, J. Industrial and Engineering Chemistry 16 (2010) 602?608

Iversen, V.; Mohaupt, J.; Drews, A.; Lesjean, B.; Kraume, M. (2008) Side effects of flux enhancing chemicals in membrane bioreactors (MBRs): study on their biological toxicity and their residual fouling propensity, Wat. Sci. Technol., 57(1),117-123.

Jeffery, C. (2005) ZeeWeed MBR technology update, SAWEA Workshop, Saudi Arabia.

Jin, Y.-L.; Lee, W.N.; Lee, C.-H.; Chang, I.-S.; Huang, X. (2006) Effect of DO concentration on biofilm structure and membrane filterability in submerged membrane bioreactor, Wat. Res., 40, 2829-2836.

Jin, L.; Ong, S.L.; Ng, H.Y. (2013) Fouling control mechanism by suspended biofilm carriers addition in submerged ceramic membrane bioreactors, J. Membr. Sci., 427, 250-258.

Kang, I.-J.; Lee, C.-H.; Kim, K.-J. (2003) Characteristics of microfiltration membranes in a membrane coupled sequencing batch reactor system, Wat. Res., 37, 1192-1197.

Kim, J.; Lee, C.-H.; Chang, I.-S. (2001) Effect of pump shear on the performance of a crossflow membrane bioreactor, Wat. Res., 35(9), 2137-2144.

Krzeminski, P.; van Nieuwenhuijzen, A.; van der Graaf, J.; van Lier, J. (2010) Full-Scale MBR Monitoring – Activated Sludge Filterability vs. Plant Performance, Proceeding of WEF membrane applications conference,  Anaheim, California, USA. 

Lay, W.C.L.; Liu, Y.; Fane, A.G. (2010) Impacts of salinity on the performance of high retention membrane bioreactors for water reclamation: A review, Wat. Res., 44, 21-40.

Lee, H.S.; Kim, C.G.; Yoon, T.I. (2002) Comment on “Comparison of the filtration characteristics between attached and suspended microorganisms in submerged membrane bioreactor”, Wat. Res. 36, 4938-4939.

Lee, J.C.; Kim, J.S.; Kang, I.J.; Cho, M.H.; Park, P.K.; Lee, C.H. (2001) Potential and limitations of alum or zeolite addition to improve the performance of a submerged membrane bioreactor, Wat. Sci. Technol., 43(11), 59-66.

Lee J, Ahn W-Y, Lee C-H. (2001) Comparison of the filtration characteristics between attached and suspended growth microorganisms in submerged membrane bioreactor. Wat. Res., 35, 2435-2345.

Lee, H.S.; Kim, C.G.; Yoon, T.I. (2002) Comment on ‘‘Comparison of the filtration characteristics between attached and suspended microorganisms in submerged membrane bioreactor’’, Wat. Res., 36, 4938-4939.

Lee, W.-N. (2002) A study on the filtration characteristics in membrane-coupled moving bed biofilm reactor, MS thesis, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.

Lee, W.-N.; Kang, I.-J.; Lee, C.-H. (2006) Factors affecting filtration characteristics in membranecoupled moving bed biofilm reactor, Wat. Res., 40, 1827-1835.

Lee, W.-N.; Chang, I.-S.; Hwang, B.-K.; Park, P.-K.; Lee, C.-H.; Huang, X. (2007) Changes in biofilm architecture with addition of membrane fouling reducer in a membrane bioreactor, Process Biochemistry, 42, 655-661.

Leiknes, T.; Ødegaard, H. (2006) The development of a biofilm membrane bioreactor, Desalination, 202, 135-143.

Li, X.Y.; Yang, S.F. (2007) Influence of loosely bound extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) on the flocculation, sedimentation and dewaterability of activated sludge. Water Res. 41 (5), 1022-1030.

Liu, Y.; Liu, H.; Cui, L.; Zhang, K. (2012) The ratio of food-to-microorganism (F/M) on membrane fouling of anaerobic membrane bioreactors treating low-strength wastewater, Desalination, 297, 97-103.

Luxmy, B.S.; Nakajima, F.; Yamamoto, K. (2000) Predator grazing effect on bacterial size distribution and floc size variation in membrane-separation activated sludge, Wat. Sci. Technol., 42(3), 211-217.

Menniti, A.; Kang S.; Elimelech, M.; Morgenroth, E. (2009) Influence of shear on the production of extracellular polymeric substances in membrane bioreactors, Wat. Res. 43, 4305-4315.

Menniti, A.; Morgenroth, E. (2010) The influence of aeration intensity on predation and EPS production in membrane bioreactors, Wat. Res., 44, 2541-2553.

Merlo, R.P.; Trussell, R.S.; Hermanowicz, S.W.; Jenkins, D. (2004) Physical, chemical and biological properties of submerged membrane bioreactor and conventional activated sludges, Proceeding of WEFTEC conference, New Orleans, LA, USA.

Ng. H.Y.; Tan, T.W.; Ong, S.L. (2006) Membrane fouling of submerged membrane bioreactors: Impact of mean cell residence time and the contributing factors, Env. Sci. Technol., 40, 2706-2713.

Park, K.Y.; Ahn, K.-H.; Maeng, S.K.; Hwang, J.H.; Kwon, J.H. (2003) Feasibility of Sludge Ozonation for Stabilization and Conditioning, Ozone: Sci. & Eng., 25(1) 73-80.

Patsios, S.I.; Karabelas, A.J. (2011) An investigation of the long-term filtration performance of a membrane bioreactor (MBR): The role of specific organic fractions, J. Membr. Sci., 372, 102–115.

Rabinowitz, B.; Stepenson, R. (2006) Effect of microsludge on anaerobic digester performance and residuals dewatering at LA County’s JWPCP, Proceeding of WEFTEC, New Orleans, LA, USA.

Reid, E.; Liu, X.; Judd, S.J. (2006) Effect of high salinity on activated sludge characteristics and membrane permeability in an immersed membrane bioreactor, J. Membr. Sci., 283, 164-171.

Saini, G. (2010) Bacterial hydrophobicity: Assessment techniques, applications and extension to colloids, PhD Thesis, Oregon State University, USA.

Sakai, Y.; Fukase, T.; Yasui, H.; Shibata, M. (1997) An activated sludge process without excess sludge production, Water Sci Technol., 36(11), 163-170.

Syed, W.; Zhou, H.; Sheng, C.; Mahendraker, V.; Theodoulou, M. (2009) Effects of hydraulic and organic loading shocks on sludge characteristics and its efffects on membrane bioreactor performance, Proceeding of WEFTEC, Orlando, Florida.

Tarnackia, K.; Lykoa, S.; Wintgensa, T.; Melina, T.; Nataub, F. (2004) Impact of extra-cellular polymeric substances on the
filterability of activated sludge in membrane bioreactors for landfill leachate treatment, Desalination, 179, 181–190.

Teli, A.; Antonelli, M.; Bonomo, L.; Malpei, F. (2012) MBR fouling control and permeate quality enhancement by polyaluminum chloride dosage online: a case study, Water Sci. Technol., 66(6) 1289-1295.

Thiemig, C. (2011) The importance of measuring the sludge filterability at MBR ?introduction of a new method, IWA membrane conference, Aachen, Germany.

Torpey, W.N.; Andrews, J.; Basilico, J.V. (1984) Effect of multiple digestion on sludge, J. Water Pollution Control Federation, 56, 62-68

Trussell, R.S.; Merlo, R.P.; Hermanowicz, S.W.; Jenkins, D. (2006) The effect of organic loading on process performance and membrane fouling in a submerged membrane bioreactor treating municipal wastewater, Wat. Res., 40, 2675-2688.

Van den Broeck, R.; Krzeminski, P.; Van Dierdonck, J.; Gins, G.; Lousada-Ferreira, M.; Van Impe, J.F.M. ; van der Graaf,J.H.J.M; Smets, I.Y.; van Lier, J.B. (2011) Activated sludge characteristics affecting sludge filterability in municipal and industrial MBRs: Unraveling correlations using multi-component regression analysis, J. Membr. Sci., 378, 330-338.

Van den Broeck, R.; Van Dierdonck, J.; Nijskens, P.; Dotremont, C.; Krzeminski, P.; van der Graaf, J.; van Lier, J.; Van Impe, J.; Smets, I. (2012) The influence of solids retention time on activated sludge bioflocculation and membrane fouling in a membrane bioreactor (MBR), J. Membr. Sci., 401-202, 48-55.

Wei, C.-H.; Huang, X.; Wang, C.-W.; Wen, X.-H. (2006) Effect of a suspended carrier on membrane fouling in a submerged membrane bioreactor, Wat. Sci. Technol., 53(6), 211–220.

Wu, J.; Huang, X.; Li, H.; Wei, C.; Wang, J. (2011) Seasonal variation of activated sludge mixed liquors in a long-term steadily-operating membrane bioreactor, Proceeding of IWA membrane conference, Aachen, Germany.

Yamamoto, K.; Hissa, M.; Mahmood, T.; Matsuo, T. (1989) Direct solid liquid separation using hollow fiber membrane in an activated sludge aeration tank, Wat. Sci. Technol., 21, 43-54.

Yang, Q.; Chen, J.; Zhang, F. (2006) Membrane fouling control in a submerged membrane bioreactor with porous, flexible suspended carriers, Desalination, 189, 292-302.

Yasui, H.; Nakamura, K.; Sakuma, S.; Iwasaki, M.; Sakai, Y.  (1996) A full-scale operation of a novel activated sludge process without excess sludge production. Water Sci Technol, 4(3-4), 395-404.

Yigit, N.O.; Harman, I.; Civelekoglu, G.; Koseoglu, H.; Cicek, N.; Kitis, M. (2008) Membrane fouling in a pilot-scale submerged membrane bioreactor operated under various conditions, Desalination, 231, 124-132.

Yoon, S. (2003) Important operational parameters of membrane bioreactor-sludge disintegration (MBR-SD) system for zero excess sludge production, Wat. Res., 87, 1921-1931.

Yoon, S.H.; Kim, H.S.; Lee, S.H. (2004). Incorporation of ultrasonic cell disintegration into a membrane bioreactor for zero sludge production, Process Biochem., 39 (12), 1923-1929.

Yoon, S.-H.; Collins, J.H.; Musale, D.; Sundararajan, S.; Tsai, S.-P.; Hallsby, G.A.; Kong, J.-F.; Koppes, J. (2004) Application of membrane performance enhancer (MPE) for full scale membrane bioreactors, IWA’s water environment membrane technology (WEMT) conference, Seoul, Korea.

Yoon, S.-H.; Collins, J.H.; Musale, D.; Sundararajan, S.; Tsai, S.-P. (2005a) Effects of flux enhancing polymer on the characteristics of sludge in membrane bioreactor process, Wat. Sci. Technol., 51(6), 151-157.

Yoon, S.-H.; Lee, S. (2005b) Critical operational parameters for zero sludge production in biological wastewater treatment processes combined with sludge disintegration, Wat. Res., 39, 3738-3754.

Yoon, S.-H.; Collins, J.H. (2006) A novel flux enhancing method for membrane bioreactor (MBR) process using polymer,Desalination, 191, 52-61.

Zhang, J.; Zhou, J.; Liu, Y.; Fane, A.G. (2010) A comparison of membrane fouling under constant and variable organic loadings in submerge membrane bioreactors, Wat. Res., 44, 5407-5413.